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How Many Trading Days In A Year Are There?

How Many Trading Days In A Year?
Read on below to know optimal times for market trades, and the opening and closing hours of stock markets worldwide.

Entering into the world of day trading and financial markets often leads to questions about trading days, optimal times, and the opening and closing hours of stock markets worldwide. In this article, we’ll provide straightforward answers to these common queries, offering clarity to both novice and experienced investors.

We will also address questions around day training such as; When should you trade? When do the stock markets open and close?; so that you can set about on your day trading journey with full confidence you have the right knowledge around optimal trading times for you.

And knowing the right times to execute a trade is part of the fundamental day trading knowledge a trader must master in order to become a consistent and profitable trader.

What is a trading day?

These are the weekdays when investors can buy and sell various financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, commodities, and currencies on exchanges around the world. 

Weekends (Saturdays and Sundays) are excluded, when most financial markets are closed, as well as public holidays when activities cease.

What is a trading day for a Day Trader?

A trading day is considered to be the period (usually within a day) where a trader executes a trading operation i.e entering into a trade and eventually closing their position.

For a day trader, a trading day typically refers to a single session of active trading within the financial markets. Unlike long-term investors who may hold positions for weeks, months, or even years, day traders aim to capitalize on short-term price movements, buying and selling often within the same trading day.

A trading day for a day trader usually begins when the market opens and ends when the market closes. During this period, day traders closely monitor market conditions, analyze price charts, and execute trades with the goal of profiting from intraday fluctuations in asset prices.

Why It’s Important to Know the Trading Days in a Year for Traders

Understanding the number of trading days in a year holds significant importance for several reasons.

It’s important to know trading days in a year for ‘strategic planning’ as knowledge of trading days allows investors and traders to strategically plan their investment activities. They can schedule trades, adjust portfolios, and execute investment strategies based on the availability of trading days throughout the year.

And for active traders, knowing the number of trading days helps them gauge the frequency and duration of their participation in the financial markets. This insight enables them to optimize their trading strategies and capitalize on market opportunities.

Knowing the trading days in a year helps with performance evaluation as financial analysts use trading days as a benchmark for evaluating the performance of investment portfolios, mutual funds, and other financial instruments. They analyze returns, volatility, and other metrics based on the actual trading days within a given period, which provides a more accurate assessment of performance.

Knowing the number of trading days in a year is also crucial for risk management. By understanding when markets are open or closed, they can mitigate the risk of unexpected market movements or liquidity constraints during periods of reduced trading activity.

So, overall it’s important to  know how many trading days there are in a year as a fundamental aspect of financial planning, investment decision-making, and risk management for individuals and institutions engaged in global financial markets.

Knowing how many trading in a year there are is crucial for day traders to know
Understanding the number of trading days in a year holds significant importance for investors, traders, and financial analysts for several reasons.

How many trading days are in a year?

Calculating the number of days in a year markets are open trading days in a year involves a straightforward methodology that accounts for weekends and public holidays when financial markets are typically closed. Begin with the total number of days in a year, typically 365 days for a standard year and 366 days for a leap year. 

Next, exclude weekends, which consist of Saturdays and Sundays, as financial markets are generally inactive during these days. Additionally, exclude public holidays when markets are closed to ensure an accurate count of trading days.

For example, in a standard year with 365 days, there are typically 104 weekend days (52 Saturdays and 52 Sundays) to subtract from the total. Then, deduct the number of public holidays when markets are closed. The resulting figure represents the total number of trading days for that year.

In a leap year with 366 days, the calculation follows a similar process. However, since there is an additional day in February, adjust the count accordingly. Subtract the weekend days and public holidays as before to determine the total trading days for the leap year.

By following this methodology, investors, traders, and financial analysts can accurately determine the number of trading days in a given year, facilitating effective planning and decision-making in the financial markets.

Recommended Read: Time in force

Trading Calendar in the United States

There are 9 holidays where the market is closed. Those are Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, President Day, Good Friday, New years day, Martin Luther King Jr Day, and Thanksgiving Day and Christmas day.

Every trader should know the days before Independence Day, the day after Christmas, and Thanksgiving. The market exchanges will close early. For example, on May 28 the Friday Before Memorial Day the bonds market closed at 2 p.m.


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Market Hours Around the Globe

Major financial markets around the world have distinct trading hours that cater to the needs of global investors and traders. Below is a brief overview of the typical trading hours for some of the key exchanges that are commonly used by different day traders.

When does the NYSE and NASDAQ open?

For the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq Stock Market, the opening time is at 9:30 AM Eastern Time only on weekdays. And the closing time for both is at 4 P.M.

New York Stock Exchange (NYSE)

Trading Hours: Monday to Friday, 9:30 AM to 4:00 PM (Eastern Time Zone)

Variations: Pre-market trading starts at 4:00 AM, and after-hours trading extends until 8:00 PM.


Trading Hours: Monday to Friday, 9:30 AM to 4:00 PM (Eastern Time Zone)

Variations: Pre-market trading begins at 4:00 AM, and after-hours trading lasts until 8:00 PM.

London Stock Exchange (LSE)

Trading Hours: Monday to Friday, 8:00 AM to 4:30 PM (Greenwich Mean Time)

Variations: The LSE operates in British Time during daylight saving time (BST), shifting its trading hours accordingly.

Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE)

Trading Hours: Monday to Friday, 9:00 AM to 3:00 PM (Japan Standard Time)

Variations: Some securities may have extended trading hours, and there are occasional half-days or market closures for holidays or special events.

Stock and Bond Market Hours

It’s important to note that trading hours may vary for different asset classes within these exchanges. For example:

Stocks: Typically trade during regular market hours but may have pre-market and after-hours trading sessions.

Bonds: Trading hours may differ from equity markets, with some bond markets operating on shorter trading days or different schedules.

Futures: Trading hours for futures contracts may vary based on the underlying asset and the exchange where they are traded.

Traders and investors should be mindful of these variations in trading hours when executing trades across different asset classes and markets to ensure optimal timing and liquidity.

What hours are bonds tradable on a trading day?

Bond markets are available to trade at 8 a.m. and 5 p.m on a trading day, except for holy days and early-closure days.

The stock markets exchange and the bonds have a different closing time on specific days we talked about earlier. Those are called early-closure days. Stock Markets close at 1 p.m. and the Bond markets close 2 p.m.

Various factors can affect how many trading days there are in a year
Various factors can influence how many trading days in a year there are and these affect trading schedules and market activity across different regions and exchanges.

Factors Affecting Trading Days

Various factors can influence how many trading days in a year there are and these affect trading schedules and market activity across different regions and exchanges. So it’s important to be aware of these factors. By taking these factors into consideration and also simplifying your your day trading in terms of technical analysis and indicators you can set yourself up for trading success.

For one, different countries observe distinct public holidays. Financial markets typically remain closed on these holidays, reducing the number of trading days in a year. The timing and frequency of public holidays vary globally, leading to variations in trading calendars among countries.

So to find out how many trading days in a year there are you need to factor in the local public holidays in the financial markets you are trading in.

Also you need to consider that some markets may have half-days and irregular trading hours on certain days due to special circumstances or events. These deviations from normal trading hours can affect liquidity and trading volumes, potentially altering market dynamics for the day. Day traders and investors need to be aware of these irregularities to adjust their trading strategies accordingly.

Finally there are also exchange-specific holidays and closures. So, individual exchanges may schedule holidays or closures due to special events, maintenance activities, or regulatory requirements. These exchange-specific closures can impact trading days for specific financial instruments or asset classes traded on those exchanges. 

Conclusion on trading days

Hopefully this post has been helpful and you can now stop wondering “is the stock market open today?” And in this post we have covered the most important aspects of the trading day for the markets and day traders and have also answered the question of how many trading days in a year are there, and with the method for calculating the trading days for each year no matter where you are you will be sure to know which days you can trade.

We have also discussed why it’s important to know when the financial markets are open and different factors that can affect trading days and opening/closing times and you take this into account for your own trading strategy.