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Options Trading for Beginners: The Complete Guide

The world of options trading is a complex one. But if you know what you’re doing, it can also be a rewarding one. That’s why we have put together this Options Trading for Beginners guide.

In this guide we discuss what options trading is and how you can take advantage of the opportunities available through trading options by discussing the benefits. And we also go through some of the disadvantages with options trading to give you a full picture on how to approach it.

Options trading like any other financial instrument or asset requires fundamental knowledge in day trading principles and market movements in order to succeed. But with this day trading fundamental knowledge you can find success trading in any financial market.

What is Options Trading?

Options trading involves buying and selling options contracts, which are financial derivatives that give the holder the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell an underlying asset at a specified price which is known as the strike price; within a specific period known as the expiration date.

When trading with options, you’re not just dealing with the concrete stock itself. You’re dealing in contracts. This can give you a lot more flexibility in how you buy, manage, and sell your stocks.

But because of that, it’s also less intuitive than simply buying and selling the stock itself. If you don’t know what you’re doing, you may find yourself coming up short.

But with a little bit of know-how, you can make excellent profits.

Options Trading for Beginners
Options trading can be complex especially for new traders but if you put in the time to learn and practice it can also be very proftiable.

Options trading can be used for various strategies, such as speculation, hedging, and income generation. It offers leverage and the potential for significant profits, but it also carries risks, including the potential loss of the entire investment if the options expire worthless.

Options trading requires a good understanding of the market, risk management strategies, and often involves more complex calculations compared to trading stocks or other financial instruments.

And this options trading for beginners guide will take you through the necessary definitions and steps to get started.

Options Trading for Beginners: Key Terms

Options trading can be complex for beginners and the first step to getting a good understanding of trading options so you can actually make profit is starting off with basic definitions.

So let’s begin with the types of options and key terms you must understand.

There are two main types of options: call options and put options.

Call Options

A call option gives the holder the right to buy the underlying asset at a predetermined price, known as the strike price, before or on the expiration date of the option.

When a trader buys a call option, they anticipate that the price of the underlying asset will rise. If the asset’s price exceeds the strike price before expiration, the call option can be profitable.

Call options are often used for bullish strategies, speculation on price increases, and leveraging upside potential.

Put Options

A put option gives the holder the right to sell the underlying asset at the strike price before or on the expiration date of the option.

Traders buy put options when they expect the price of the underlying asset to decline. If the asset’s price falls below the strike price, the put option can be profitable.

Put options are used for bearish strategies, hedging against downside risk, and speculating on price decreases.

Options Trading Key Terms

Strike Price: The strike price is the price at which the option holder can buy (for call options) or sell (for put options) the underlying asset. It is fixed when the option is purchased and remains constant until expiration.

options trading for beginners
One of the key benefits of options trading is leverage. Options allow traders to control a larger position in the underlying asset with a relatively smaller amount of capital.

Expiration Date: The expiration date is the date when the option contract expires. After this date, the option is no longer valid, and its value becomes zero. Options can have different expiration cycles, such as monthly, quarterly, or longer-term expirations.

Option Premium: The option premium is the price paid by the option buyer to the option seller (writer) for the right conveyed by the option. It represents the cost of buying the option and is influenced by factors such as the underlying asset’s price, volatility, time to expiration, and interest rates.

Next let’s look at some of the Benefits and also some of the Risks that come with options trading.

Option Trading For Beginners: Advantages

1. Leverage

One of the key benefits of options trading is leverage. Options allow traders to control a larger position in the underlying asset with a relatively smaller amount of capital. This leverage can amplify potential profits compared to trading the underlying asset directly.

In short using leverage allows for the potential for bigger gains using a smaller amount of capital.

2. Flexibility in Trading

Options provide traders with a wide range of strategies to choose from, including bullish, bearish, and neutral strategies. This flexibility allows traders to adapt to different market conditions and implement strategies that align with their outlook and risk tolerance.

3. Potential for Very High Returns

One key advantage of trading options is the potential for high return especially when compared with buying stocks and shares. Also as you can get options on lower margin while also achieving the same profitability, then the percentage return would also be much higher when you comparatively.

Disadvantages of Options Trading

1. Potential Loss of Investment 

One of the primary risks of options trading is the potential for loss of investment. Options have a limited lifespan, and if the underlying asset does not move in the anticipated direction before the option expires, the option may expire worthless, leading to a loss of the premium paid.

2. Complexity 

Options trading can be complex, especially for beginners. Understanding concepts such as strike prices, expiration dates, option premiums, and various trading strategies requires time and effort. Traders need to educate themselves and gain experience to navigate the options market effectively.

Simplifying your trading strategy including technical analysis and indicators is probably the best approach to take even when it comes to options. Even though options can be complex at first for newer traders, the actual strategies and analysis you use can be simplified even for a somewhat complex area like options.


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3. Leverage Can Magnify Losses 

While leverage can amplify profits, it can also magnify losses. If a trade moves against the trader, the potential losses can be significant, especially when using highly leveraged strategies.

How to Start Options Trading for Beginners?

Even the simple act of getting into options trading in the first place is more complicated than simply trading stocks. Since the process is more complicated, brokers are stricter about who they will allow to trade stock options.

When you’re applying, you’ll need to provide the brokerage with a good deal of information. They’ll want a list of objectives for your investment. This includes income, predicted growth, and other factors.

They’ll also want any past trading experience you have. Finally, you’ll need to provide your personal information. This includes financial information like yearly income, net worth, and employment.

Stock Options Trading for Beginners

Once you get approved, it’s time to start trading. There are a few tried and true strategies to start out with. We’re going to look at three good options now. If you want to learn more, check out optionstradingedu.com. They’re a trusted, reliable resource in options trading.

One of the most popular strategies is called the long call. With this strategy, you buy a call, with the hope that the stock price rises above what you purchased it for at expiration.

Theoretically, there’s no limit to how much you can make off this kind of trade. As long as the stock keeps rising in value, you’ll make more and more profit. The problem is, if the stock drops below your purchase value at expiration, you’re left with nothing.

options trading for beginners
One of the most popular strategies with options is called the long call. With this strategy, you buy a call, with the hope that the stock price rises above what you purchased it for at expiration.

Another option is what’s called the covered call. Here, you sell the call option, but purchase the underlying stocks. This is a great option to consider if you already own the underlying stocks, as it helps protect you from potential losses.

The last thing we’ll look at are put strategies. These involve trading in puts, which increase in value as the stock value drops. Like call strategies, there are long and short options, which vary based on the expected stock value at expiration.

Invest in Stock Option Trading

Hopefully, this guide to option trading strategies for beginners helped give you an idea of how to get started in stock option trading. It’s a complex world, and a difficult one. But if you know what you’re doing, it can be extremely rewarding.

Looking for other great articles to help you out with everything financial? Be sure to check out the rest of our articles for great, informative tips to help you on your way.

Options Trading for Beginners